Before mechanization, horses were the engines that powered the farm. Although there is evidence that the Acadian people had smaller, stronger, horses, oxen did a lot of the plowing and clearing stumps until approximately 1830. As land became better cultivated, horses began to take over as the animal of choice to farm. Before this point in our development, it was thought that horses were too expensive to risk injury. That’s not to say that horses did not perform heavy farm work in later years, as evidenced by the pair in the image who were hauling a massive stack of hay.